The P-MOB project is aiming at breaking the link between the growth in transport capacity and increased fatalities, congestion and pollution. Transport is responsible for 73% of total oil consumption in EU, it is a major source of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions and the chief sector driving future growth in world oil demand. Most continents have an increasing dependence from primary energy. The demand on increased safety, reduced noxious and green house emissions has the following expectations: less than 30.000 fatalities in EU in the 2010, radical reduction of both CO2 and NOx aiming at zero local emissions.
Transport will be faced to the followings:
The emerging markets require at most low cost and environment compatible vehicles. P-MOB addresses the above challenges proposing: a novel concept of fully electrical personal mobility, reduction of system complexity concentrating on the essentials, advanced systems integration including solar cells, e-motor and magnetic torque control of the wheel, power-energy management, distributed pack of accumulators, technologies to sell-buy electricity by adaptable vehicle to grid connections. On an average day in South EU the propose vehicle is aiming at 20 km/day by using solar energy only.
- people and good will increase their need of mobility some 35% per decade for at least 3-4 decades
- the number of megalopolis is increasing and most of the traffic will be urban
- urban centres are more and more congested and closed to traffic; 1% of our GDP is wasted in congestion
- mobility is related to invariants such as: people move 1 hour a day
- the average speed, since it has measured the first time in 1923, is stable in the range 35-40km/h
- people tend to relate mobility to a mental freedom and as many as 90% of km are run with a single occupant
- in EU 1 more million cars are on the road every 50 days and globally the number of vehicles is projected to 2200 millions in the 2050.